CHEDORLAOMER

CHEDORLAOMER (Heb. כְּדָרְלָעֹמֶר), king of Elam, to whom five kings in the southern region of the Land of Canaan had paid allegiance for 12 years. In the 13th year the Canaanite kings revolted, and in the following year Chedorlaomer led a punitive expedition against them, together with three other eastern kings. They routed the five kings of Canaan in the area of the Dead Sea. When Abraham heard that his nephew Lot had been taken captive by Chedorlaomer and his confederates, he mustered his retainers and pursued them, successfully attacking them north of Damascus, rescuing the captives and retrieving the booty (Gen. 14:1–16). Neither the narrative nor Chedorlaomer is known from other ancient sources, although the name is genuinely Elamite. The name Chedorlaomer is composed of two elements, each of which appears separately in Elamite sources. "Laomer" is apparently a divine name whose Elamite form is Lagamar. "Chedor" is derived from the Elamite Katir, Kutir, meaning "servant." The name would thus mean "servant of (the god) Lagamar." Inasmuch as Genesis 14 places Chedorlaomer at the head of the coalition, the original form of the story may have originated during the Middle Elamite period (1500–1100 B.C.E.) when Elam was a dominant power. -BIBLIOGRAPHY: Albright, in: BASOR, 88 (1942), 33–36; 163 (1961), 49–54; F.M. Th. Boehl, Opera Minora (1953), 354, 514; Aharoni, Ereẓ, 32–33, 42–43, 61–62, 123–4; Yeivin, in: RSO, 38 (1963), 301–2; E.A. Speiser, Genesis (Eng., 1964), 101–9; N.M. Sarna, Understanding Genesis (1966), 109–10; A. Parrot, Abraham and His Time (1968), 85–97. (Bustanay Oded)

Encyclopedia Judaica. 1971.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Chedorlaomer — (Hebrew: kĕḏor lā’ōmer) a handful of sheaves [1], was a king of Elam according to the Hebrew Bible book of Genesis Chapter 14. He ruled fourteen years, from the East in southwestern Persia, [2] occupying the regions east of the Jordan river, in… …   Wikipedia

  • Chedorlaomer —    (= Khudur Lagamar of the inscriptions), king of Elam. Many centuries before the age of Abraham, Canaan and even the Sinaitic peninsula had been conquered by Babylonian kings, and in the time of Abraham himself Babylonia was ruled by a dynasty… …   Easton's Bible Dictionary

  • CHODORLAHOMOR vel CHEDORLAOMER — Rex Aelamitarum, unde Persae oriundi, victus ab Abrahamo A. M. 2118. Vide Gen. c. 14. v. 4 …   Hofmann J. Lexicon universale

  • Abraham — (). For Muslims, he is a prophet of Islam and the ancestor of Muhammad through his other son Ishmael born to him by his wife s servant, Hagar. Abraham is also a progenitor of the Semitic tribes of the Negev who trace their descent from their… …   Wikipedia

  • Genesis 14 — 1 And it came to pass in the days of Amraphel king of Shinar, Arioch king of Ellasar, Chedorlaomer king of Elam, and Tidal king of nations; 2 That these made war with Bera king of Sodom, and with Birsha king of Gomorrah, Shinab king of Admah, and …   The King James version of the Bible

  • Sodom and Gomorrah — For other uses, see Sodom and Gomorrah (disambiguation). The Destruction of Sodom and Gomorrah, John Martin, 1852. Sodom (Hebrew: סְדוֹם, Modern  …   Wikipedia

  • Babylonia — • Includes geography, history, and biblical references Catholic Encyclopedia. Kevin Knight. 2006. Babylonia     Babylonia     † …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • List of minor biblical figures — This list contains persons named in the Bible of minor notability, about whom either nothing or very little is known, aside from any family connections. This literature related list is incomplete; you can help by expanding it. Contents: A B C D …   Wikipedia

  • Abraham —    Father of a multitude, son of Terah, named (Gen. 11:27) before his older brothers Nahor and Haran, because he was the heir of the promises. Till the age of seventy, Abram sojourned among his kindred in his native country of Chaldea. He then,… …   Easton's Bible Dictionary

  • Amraphel —    King of Shinar, southern Chaldea, one of the confederates of Chedorlaomer, king of Elam, in a war against Sodom and cities of the plain (Gen. 14:1, 4). It is now found that Amraphel (or Ammirapaltu) is the Khammu rabi whose name appears on… …   Easton's Bible Dictionary

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